Low Temperature Curing Process Cuts Cement’s CO2 Emissions by 70%

Solidia Technologies’ chemistry could make concrete almost benign.

The making of concrete is responsible for as much as 8 percent of annual CO2 emissions; some have called it the most destructive material on earth. The manufacturers know this is a problem and have been looking for ways to reduce the footprint before a serious price on carbon is slapped on it, and are evidently making some progress.

Carbon emissions come from two sources; traditionally, about half comes from the heating of the kiln, and about half from the chemical reaction that makes cement out of calcium carbonate. LafargeHolcim, the world’s largest cement company, has been trying to reduce the footprint of concrete for some time, although Treehugger previously noted that they are having some trouble selling it.

There is so far too little demand for sustainable materials,” said Jens Diebold, head of sustainability at LafargeHolcim. “I would love to see more demand from customers for it. There is limited sensitivity for carbon emissions in the construction of a building.

That may change; according to Kim Slowey at Construction Dive, LafargeHolcim is going to be selling reduced CO2 cement for the precast industry in the US. It uses technology from Solidia Technologies:

The first customer will be the Wrightstown, New Jersey, plant of EP Henry, a national concrete products supplier that participated in LafargeHolcim’s and Solidia’s pilot of the product.

Making the block, photo by Mark Scantlebury

The product is the result of a six-year collaboration between LaFargeHolcim and Solidia and uses a special binder — produced at lower temperatures — and patented curing process that uses CO2 rather than water. By adding and absorbing CO2, Solidia Concrete reaches strength in less than 24 hours unlike precast concrete made with Portland cement, which takes 28 days to reach strength. Solidia reduces the overall carbon footprint in precast concrete by 70%. In addition, the new product reduces the cement plant’s carbon emissions by up to 40%.

This concrete can be made in a conventional cement kiln with the heat turned down, so it works within the existing systems of production. According to Kevin Ryan in Inc, the process subs out some of the traditionally used limestone for a synthetic version of the mineral wollastonite.

“If I have to tell people to go buy some new equipment, a new kiln,” says CEO Tom Schuler, “no one’s going to adopt it.” Solidia’s manufacturing process can be done in existing facilities and costs about the same as–and, perhaps soon enough, less than–traditional cement-making methods.

Akshat Rathi wrote a long article for Quartz explaining a bit of the chemistry; it is fascinating stuff. “Wollastonite’s chemistry is such that it would not produce any emissions when it is made to produce cement, but it would, like normal cement, absorb some CO2 when it gets cured as concrete.” It’s being used for precast concrete because it actually gets cured in a CO2 filled room, and cures very fast so it probably needs controlled conditions.

 Housing and offices can be built out of hollow core slabs, Photo by Thomas Moore

This author doesn’t usually say nice things about concrete, and is downright nasty about the Concrete Masonry people and their marketing campaigns against wood construction. But if they can squeeze 70 percent of the CO2 out of precast concrete, he would have to change his tune a bit. Now if only there was a big honking carbon tax that would light a fire under the industry to actually change; otherwise the transition will take forever.

This article was written by  Lloyd Alter  for Treehugger.com To see the original version of this story, please click HERE.

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